History of DevgadbariaDevgadbaria is a very important municipality which is located in the district of Dahod in the Indian state of Gujarat. This town is settled at the foot of the hills towards the border of the state. This town is situated around 44 kilometers away from Godhra, 54 kilometers away from Dahod, and around 14 kilometers away from the National Highway number 59. This town was known to be established in the year 1782. According to the Indian Census, Devgadbaria is known to have a population of around 19,201 people. This town was primarily ruled by the Chauhans until the town merged with the Indian Union.
Devgadbaria in PastThe town of Devgadbaria is considered to be amongst the eminent historical towns in the state of Gujarat. This town had been established in 1782 AD. According to history, it is believed that King Vatai Rawal had two sons. Both his sons had fled from the town when the very famous ruler of Gujarat, Mohamad Begada decided to take over the city of Pavagadh. The elder brother was Prithviraj. The son of Prithviraj, Udaysinh, had established Chhota Udaipur. Dungerpursinh was the younger brother and he established the renowned town of Devgadh. It is said that Dungersinh’s family took care of the town for the upcoming twelve generations.
Baria was protected hugely mostly because of the geographical location of the town. The ruler of Devgadbaria did not offer any kind of financial help either to the Maratha rulers or the Muslims. The official events that took place internally were conducted without any help from outside the town. The state of Devgadbaria was divided into various regions which included Sinagtala, Haveli, Rajgarh, Limkheda, Randhikpur, and Dhanpur. These regions were also referred to as the Mahals. The ruler had appointed administrators, also known as Thanedaar so that the administration of each Mahal was done effectively.
Devgadbaria during British RuleKing Dingersinh passed away in 1864 AD. Right after his death, his grandson, Mansing was supposed to be the ruler. The coronation event had been held to crown Mansing as the ruler of the town. When the prince was crowned, he was nine years old. At this age, it was not possible for the king to take over his duties. This is why the state’s administration would be taken care of by an agency. The state appointed a supervisor after consenting with the agency. The supervisor was supposed to take care of the state from 1865 to the year 1876, that is until the king turned of age to take over the state. During this period, the states were surveyed and limits were added. King Mansinh took over his duties from the year 1876, on 6th November.
King Mansinh used to be an important reformer. He was well-known for the modern vision that he had in order to develop the city. He started educational institutions so that the children of the city could be given education in English. He had also organized revenue and justice departments and provided training to police forces. In the year 1892, it was decided that the system of a railroad would be started from the city of Godhra to the city of Ratlam, and this would be passing through the town of Devgadbaria. But Baria decided to remain independent, and hence this plan was altered. The railway system was started from Piplod instead up to Limkheda. Later on, a narrow railway gauge was established by the official authorities of the State from Baria to Piplod. In the year 1908, King Mansinh died, and he left behind a daughter and two sons. A marble statue was constructed in the circle bazaar of Baria. The Man Sarovar was also built in honor of this great and just ruler. This statue and Sarovar, reflect the fame of King Mansinh.
Rule of RanjitsinhjiAfter the death of King Mansinh, his son, Ranjitsinhji was capable to take over the throne. He was crowned king right after the death of his father in the year 1908. Ranjitsinhji was a person who had a high education and he was popular for the magnificent career that he had. He served the Imperial Cadet Corps and earned the title of the Knight Commander of India. As a result of the prestigious title, he was popularly known as Sir Ranjitsinhji in the town of Devgadbaria.
During the tenure of Ranjitsinhji, many institutes had been constructed. These included the high schools, veterinary hospitals, towers, gymkhana, libraries, etc. The king ensured that quality education was offered to the students for free. This was done to make them aware of the cultural norms that existed in the society. This period was also considered to be the best era for the development of the sports in the town of Baria. Hirasinhaji and Rudi Sinhji were involved with the various kind of sports. Teams from the other cities were invited for sports tournaments which included badminton, polo, table tennis, and tennis.
Post Independence Era in DevgadbariaAfter the death of Sir Ranjitsinhji, Jaydipsinh was crowned the next king in the year 1948. Eventually, India gained her independence from the rule of the British, and the kings were being abolished, and all the representatives were also being taken away. During this process, Jaydipsinh was no more a king, but all the people loved and respected him like a king. When he was ruling over Devgadbaria, MadhavsinhLalji Chauhan help the post of the superintendent. He was also equally sincere and dedicated towards all the duties that he had. He was heavily rewarded for the duties that he did.
Jaydipsinh was a very well-known Rajyogi. Maximum of the personal assets that he had were contributed to a number of institutions for their welfare. The personal Rajmahal that he had was donated to the Agricultural Institute of Gujarat. Under his reign, the Adivasi Research and Training Center was also constructed as a motive to develop the lives that the poor people were leading. The old palace was donated to the Higher Education Society of Baria. Sports complexes were also started. Jaydipsinh was an eminent member of the World Olympics who represented India.
King Subhag Singh Chauhan and his familySubhag Singh Chauhan had a daughter and two sons, namely, Samyukta Singh, Jaideep Singh Chauhan, and Pradeep Singh Chauhan. His daughter, Samyukta was married in Rajnandgaon. Jaideep, the eldest son of Subhag Singh Chauhan had a daughter, Urvashi, who was equally involved in politics just as her father was. She had served the people for a period of almost twenty-five years. Her son was named Tushar Singh. Tushar Singh was also very active in politics. He later became a member of Legislative Assembly of India. He was married to AmbikaKumari and was blessed with two healthy sons. Pradeep Singh Chauhan was also married to Rajya Lakshmi Singh of Nepal, and they also had two sons, namely Udayendra Singh Chauhan and Jitendra Singh Chauhan. Udayendra Singh died early on 16th June in the year 2003.
Each of the rulers of Devgadbaria had contributed a lot to the development of the town and the betterment of the people. The architectural remains of the past are still visible in this age old city.
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